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【智慧长沙】关键核心技术是怎样炼成的?①丨长沙如何造出了我国第一条金属基压敏芯片量产线?

2020-09-14 22:09   来源:智慧长沙   编辑:曾立琛 刘 哲   点击:

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《习大大谈治国理政》第三卷《努力成为世界主要科学中心和创新高地》一文指出,“关键核心技术是要不来、买不来、讨不来的。只有把关键核心技术掌握在自己手中,才能从根本上保障国家经济安全、国防安全和其他安全。”今年7月21日以来,习大大总书记先后主持召开企业家座谈会、经济社会领域专家座谈会、科学家座谈会,都提到了“关键核心技术”的攻关突破。

关键核心技术是企业发展的关键要素,掌握了关键核心技术,今天的“小巨人”,就可能发展为明天的“绿巨人”。从这一期开始,《总编辑调查》推出系列调查“关键核心技术是怎样炼成的?”,聚焦长沙“三智一芯”(智能制造)领域的行业隐形冠军、小巨人企业和独角兽企业,探访企业家们带领团队攻坚克难、打造关键核心技术、打破国外垄断的心路历程。今天推出第一期《长沙如何造出了我国第一条金属基压敏芯片量产线?》。

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图为《核心技术是怎样炼成的》节目录制现场

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图为湖南启泰传感科技有限企业董事长王国秋

王国秋,湖南岳阳人,1983年毕业于太阳集团8722网站数学系;1988年毕业于国防科技大学系统工程系,获工学硕士学位,现任太阳集团8722网站数学与计算机科学学院教授,同时又是一位致力于将高端芯片产业化的企业家。从2006年创办湖南启泰传感科技有限企业,到2019年建成我国唯一一条金属基压敏芯片量产线,王国秋用十多年的苦心钻研,彻底改变了我国长期以来对高端压敏芯片的进口依赖。

小“纽扣” 大梦想

从长沙往东沿杭长高速行车四十多公里就到了国家级工业园区——浏阳经开区(高新区),王国秋教授创办的湖南启泰传感科技有限企业就位于这里。在这个工业企业密布的园区里,“启泰传感物联网产业园”的招牌沉稳、低调。几栋清灰色的、外形普通的建筑就是产业园的办公楼和厂房,园区内几乎看不到几个员工,感觉格外神清气爽。

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图为湖南启泰传感科技有限企业外景

拥有大学教授和企业家的双重身份,但是王国秋更喜欢大家在企业叫他王总,因为在他看来,教授的主要任务是“生产”常识,企业家则是负责把常识转化为生产力。在王总的带领下,记者走进工厂大楼,才发现里面别有洞天。从一楼10多个无人值守的辅助设施间,到二楼2000平方米的“超净车间”,再到三楼的封装、测试车间,企业生产线绝大部分流程都是自动化。这家年产值超过5亿元的高科技企业,目前所有员工加起来不到70人。

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图为湖南启泰传感科技有限企业生产车间

在三楼车间,记者看到了一颗颗正待封装的金属小“纽扣”。王总先容说,如果放在100倍的显微镜下,就能看到其中布满着密密麻麻的、极其复杂的电路。与大家常见的四方形黑色芯片不同,这种特殊的纽扣型芯片叫做金属基压敏芯片,它的作用是完成力信号采集,是信息产业第一关,信号获取这一块叫传感器敏感芯片。

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图为湖南启泰传感科技有限企业生产的金属基压敏芯片

那么,原本是大学教授的王国秋为什么转型到了传感器芯片的研发制造领域呢?

时间还得回溯到2000年。在数学和计算机专业领域颇有研究的王国秋发现,我国在集成电路和微机电系统(MEMS)这块的基础非常薄弱,起码落后于美国、日本、德国等发达国家至少30年。而当时国内在制造业上比较流行代工,但是核心技术是代工代不来的。王国秋敏锐地意识到,如果大家没有掌握自主的核心技术,不仅仅是制造业,其他很多行业都会因为“卡脖子”的关键技术问题而受制于人。

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图为湖南启泰传感科技有限企业内景

也正是在2000年,国家出台了一系列政策扶持集成电路产业发展。时不我待,王国秋及时抓住这个难得的机遇,创立了一家叫“中芯”的数字技术企业。2003年,企业研制出我国第一片具有完全原创自主常识产权的数字图像与视频压缩编码解码芯片,为解决当时DVD解码芯片进口的高昂专利费作出了贡献。

2006年,在芯片研究领域颇具前瞻眼光的王国秋又瞄准了工业应用领域的金属基压敏芯片,投资200万元成立了湖南启泰传感科技有限企业。

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图为湖南启泰传感科技有限企业生产车间

十年磨一剑,历经十多年的苦心钻研,2019年,启泰企业建成了我国唯一一条金属基压敏芯片量产线,彻底改变了我国长期以来对高端金属基压敏芯片的进口依赖。

名词说明:压敏芯片

一颗直径不过五六毫米的“纽扣式”压敏芯片,可以非常精确地把压力数据转换为电子信号,传送到接收处理终端,可广泛应用于工程机械、轨道交通、汽车、消防、智慧城市、石油化工等领域。以挖掘机为例,根据型号大小不同,每台挖机需要三颗到十几颗液压传感器不等,每颗液压传感器都需要一颗压敏芯片。长期以来,这类核心技术和高端传感器市场基本上被美国、日本以及欧洲等国企业占据。

王国秋告诉记者,“中芯”实际上就是指“中国芯”,而“启泰”的英文是CHNTEK,就是“中国技术”的英文简写,中文谐音“启泰”。

无论是“中芯”,还是“启泰”,一颗小小的芯片,凝聚的是王国秋浓浓的家国情怀,是一位学者型企业家固执于“中国芯”的伟大梦想。

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图为湖南启泰传感科技有限企业办公楼内景

一百次想要放弃的“芯片梦”

每一个耀眼的成功背后,都会有一段不为人知的艰辛。2019年,王国秋的成功让长期以来我国金属基压敏芯片遭受垄断的坚冰开始消融,但成功的背后却有着太多的酸楚。

面对各种困境,王国秋坦言,自己也有过几近崩溃的时刻,但内心里从未真正想过放弃,甚至当年还喊出了“不管企业是否实现盈利,也一定要研发出不依赖进口的中国芯,在产品价格与质量上与国外竞争”的目标。凭借着满腔热诚和湖南人“吃得苦、霸得蛮、耐得烦”的秉性,王国秋最终坚持了下来。

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图为湖南启泰传感科技有限企业生产车间

王国秋告诉记者,企业最早期的资金全是靠他个人出资,当年的他也没有其他额外收入,也就是拿做教授的工资、拿自己的讲课费来支撑实验。当然也得到了很多社会上的支撑,比如说国防科技大学、原韶光微电子总厂等等,都曾经分文未收支撑他做有关实验。

在王国秋的记忆里,研发过程中遇到的困难实在是数不胜数。比如说,大多数芯片都是基于硅来做电路,但是像他们研发的压敏芯片是基于金属基底来做电路,那么成熟的所谓硅工艺就无法在这个芯片上应用了,导致在做这种芯片的时候,从材料、设备、设计、制程、测试、封装,这一条产业链上的所有事情都要企业从头摸索。王国秋说,从2006年开始做这种纽扣式压敏芯片,整整15年,做废的材料都是以箩筐计,具体有多少箩筐,他都记不清楚了。

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图为湖南启泰传感科技有限企业生产车间

启泰做的是整个芯片生产的全产业链,只要链上有一个环节出现失误就会导致满盘皆输,可是王国秋为什么还要挑金属基压敏芯片这样一块超级难啃的骨头去硬啃呢?

王国秋笑言,无知者无畏。最开始做这一块压根就没想到难度有这么大,只是做到后来越做越难,过了一关又一关 ,一关更比一关难。

买材料、买设备、做实验,王国秋个人投资的200万元很快就没了,还欠下了一堆债,甚至过年的时候都有人上门讨债。庆幸的是,2013年,经过整整7年的技术攻关,金属基压敏芯片关键技术的“堡垒”终于被攻克。

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图为湖南启泰传感科技有限企业生产线

王国秋告诉记者,最艰难的时候,真的想过一百次要放弃,但是过两天又捡起来了。因为实在是割舍不下,这辈子似乎已经注定了与这小小芯片有着难解的情缘了。他一直坚信,再多的沟沟坎坎,勇敢地跨过去了,就会到达梦想的彼岸。

目前,启泰企业的核心技术完全自主可控,生产工艺和产线100%自主研发,基材、靶材和光刻胶等关键辅材已完全国产化,光刻机、溅射台、探针台等主要设备实现国产定制。一句话,在金属基压敏芯片领域,国外再也卡不住中国的脖子了。

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图为湖南启泰传感科技有限企业生产线

研制压敏芯片,不仅仅要克服难以计数的技术困难,王国秋还要面对各种赚“快钱”的巨大诱惑。2006年,很多人热衷于做金融、互联网、股票、地产等这些所谓来钱快的行当,王国秋是学数学和计算机专业的专家、教授,如果涉足这些行业肯定也有赚得盆满钵满的大把机会。但是王国秋一门心思扑在压敏芯片的研制上,股票没开过户,也没有投资一套房子。在他看来,核心技术总要有那么一部分人来做研发、来做攻坚克难。

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图为《核心技术是怎样炼成的》节目录制现场

王国秋说,这可能与他的部队情结密不可分。在军队院校工作时,他亲眼目睹一大批顶尖的专家教授安于清贫,坚持做核心技术研发,尽管觉得当时产业化的希翼不大,但是出于对自主创新的责任和担当,他们一直在坚持,正是这批科研专家的执著深深感染、激励着他,在芯片自主研制的道路上义无反顾地走下去。

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图为湖南启泰传感科技有限企业董事长王国秋

启泰来了最牛“推销员”

7月21日,湖南省委书记杜家毫来到启泰企业调研,他一边看一边不时地叮嘱王国秋,要始终坚持创新引领,着力攻克一批核心技术、关键材料,不断提升产品质量和企业核心竞争力,更好地满足市场需求。要依托湖南工程机械、汽车等产业的龙头企业,积极推动产业链上下游合作,在提升国产化水平的同时,帮助企业更好地开拓市场。

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图为湖南省委书记杜家毫在湖南启泰传感科技有限企业考察

王国秋自豪地说,杜家毫书记还亲自给启泰当起了推销员。

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图为王国秋向湖南省委书记杜家毫展示消防水压传感器

记者从长沙市工信局了解到,长沙工程机械产业规模全国第一,但是液压传感器等关键零部件还长期依赖进口。一台工程机械设备价格不菲,从十几万到数百万不等。但是,再庞大的身躯也离不开小小液压传感器的精密传导。湖南启泰传感科技有限企业自主研发的液压传感器装配线目前已经开始量产,有望完全解决长沙乃至全国工程机械产业的液压传感器配套需求。

王国秋自信地说:“湖南工程机械液压传感器的年需求为60万支,企业的流水线设备达产后年产能200万支,完全可以实现本地配套。”

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图为《核心技术是怎样炼成的》节目录制现场

启泰企业的核心技术目前已经实现了产业化,但是如何更好地开拓市场仍然是摆在王国秋面前的一大关键问题。

王国秋发现,虽然一方面大家经常呼唤要拥有自己的核心技术,但是另一方面自主创新的核心技术出来以后,国内的使用者对这些核心技术还是不太认可。如何让市场更快地接受这些自主创新的核心技术?王国秋一直在不断摸索,湖南、长沙各级政府部门的主动作为,也让他深受感动。王国秋说,在省委常委、长沙市委书记胡衡华的直接关心下,长沙市工信局为启泰企业引导上下游企业对接,引导主机配件厂相互同步发展,做了大量细致的工作。

对于企业如何参与国际竞争的问题,王国秋有自己的一套打算。他打了一个很形象的比方,现在国际市场主要是美国、德国、日本、英国、瑞士这几家给瓜分了,别人守在战略高地,你要去和别人竞争,那么就一定要有创新思维。启泰提出的口号就是:提质竞争!在质量更好的前提下,价格还做到更优。让消费者自觉地、从内心真正接受这些产品,这样的产业才算成功了。

企业发展蓝图

第一步:把压敏芯片做精,实现提质发展;

第二步:争取2023年前后在科创版上市,同时把传感器的品种范围扩充到温度传感器、湿度传感器、位移传感器、角度传感器等,力争成为中国智能化领域一张亮丽的名片。

近年来,长沙大力推动制造业高质量发展,围绕“三智一芯”紧抓项目的引进和落地。尤其是芯片,作为关键核心技术,被誉为一个国家的“工业粮食”。虽然长沙芯片产业起步较晚,但依靠自主研发,长沙制造的芯片领域相关产品正不断突破,填补国内空白。近年来,长沙在芯片设计、制造、封测等多个领域全面布局,形成了产业集聚区。今年,总投资10亿元的长沙比亚迪半导体新能源汽车项目在长沙经开区启动,将建设成年产25万片8英寸新能源汽车电子芯片生产线,有效解决新能源汽车电子核心功率器件“卡脖子”问题。

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图为半导体新能源电动汽车示意图

数据显示,今年上半年,长沙新一代半导体及集成电路产业链规模以上企业产值同比增长21%,部分企业如:长城银河、囯科微等,同比增长均超过190%。

作为亲自经历并见证了长沙制造业飞速发展的企业家,王国秋和他的团队始终在核心技术自主创新的道路上坚定不移地奋勇前行。

这是一个伟大的时代,这是每一个奋斗者都能够梦想成真的时代。

未来已来,星辰大海,追梦者的脚步永不停歇。

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策划丨潘开政

撰稿丨曾立琛 刘 哲

制作丨陈梓欣 曹 芹

编辑丨黄 轶 肖 斌

编审丨鲍新文 雷艳飞

出品丨曾 雄

以上图片来自长沙广电资讯中心、新湖南、湖南启泰传感科技有限企业

原文链接:https://h5.zhcs.csbtv.com/#/newsDetails?newsId=755024796953219072

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